Posted by: blaikeh | December 16, 2007

Bertolt Brecht

Bertolt Brecht

 

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Birth: 1898 – Death: 1956

 

Bertolt Brecht was born in Augsburg, Germany on February 10th 1898. Brecht went through a childhood full of writing poetry. His first poems had been published in 1914. A few years following his first releases of poetry, Bertolt joined medical school. He soon after served in World War 1 as a medical assistant. Brecht wrote the famous “Drum in the Night” while serving during the hard times of war. In the following years Bertolt had been married twice. Once to Marianne Zoff and second to Helene Weigel with whom he had 2 children, a girl named Barbra and a son named Stephan.

Brecht went through many fields of theatre in his lifetime career. For example two of the most popular he was involved in were play writing and directing. Bertolt created several plays before any of them were brought to the eye of the public. His main interest was directing. In the 1930’s his books and plays were banned in Germany and he had to flee to Finland because his work was so controversial, even to the communists themselves, which he was one of. While Bertolt was in exile, he decided to get an American visa. He had wanted the visa in order to move to California where he could eventually become a Hollywood producer and screenwriter. Things didn’t work out for him in the United States because his writing was very misunderstood by the public and other producers.

After several years in exile, Brecht returned to Germany. In Germany he founded his own theatre company called “Berliner Ensemble” and in 1954, he had received his own theatre. In the year of 1955 Brecht was awarded the Stalin Peace Prize for his famous works, the following year he suddenly died of a heart attack. Bertolt Brecht will be remembered throughout history as a strong man with a passion for writing. His most famous of plays “Drum in the Night” and “Mother Courage and Her Children“, as well as many more of his plays will never be forgotten by the people across the world.

“The Good Woman of Setzuan”

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Felner, M., & Orenstein, C. (2006). The World of Theatre. Boston, USA: Pearson Education

Fuegi, J. (1994). Brecht & Co.: Sex, Politics, and the making of the modern drama. New York, NY: Grove Press

http://www.ulv.edu/ctimes/111706/arts_stories/setzuan.htm

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